Manila memories : four boys remember their lives before, during and after the Japanese occupation / edited by Juergen Goldhagen. - Exeter : Published for Old Guard Press by Shearsman Books, 2008. - 138 p. : ill., maps ; 23 x 16 cm.

The stories of four young European boys, Roderick Hall, Hans Hoeflein, Juergen Goldhagen and Hans Walser in the Philippines during World War II. The authors were between the ages of nine and twelve and spent the war years in Manila, but were not interned. - Roderick Hall

Four eyewitness accounts on the war and occupation in Greater Manila. The common characteristics of all four boys (between the ages of 9 and 12) were that they were white non-Americans with European roots who were technically neutral and thus were not interned by the Japanese.

Roderick Hall was born in the Philippines of a Scottish father (interned in Santo Tomas) and Scottish-Spanish mother; Hans Walser was also born in Manila but of a Swiss father and American mother. Hans Hoeflein, and Juergen Goldhagen arrived in the Philippines after the Nazis in Germany went after their fathers.

They had common experiences before the war, which they narrate; during the war, they were not interned by the Japanese and thus experienced the Japanese occupation directly, from different locations in Metro Manila – some right inside the battle area, others safe in the suburbs.

Sixty years after the war, they recall their childhood in war and reflect on the experience. The four separate narratives are grouped in chronological order, and allow comparison of their experiences and observations. - Prof. Ricardo T. Jose


9781848610101 (softbound)

Goldhagen, Juergen, 1931-
Hall, Roderick, 1932-
Hoeflein, Hans, 1931-
Walser, Hans, 1933-

World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives.--Philippines--Manila

Philippines--History--Japanese occupation, 1942-1945.

D 811.5 .M2643 2008

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